Board of Secondary Education in India – An Overview
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in India. Our aim is to provide useful information about the organisation of
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It was in 1921 that the first Board named as UP Board of High School and
Intermediate Education was set up and had under its purview three areas
namely Central India, Gwalior and Rajputana. Further expansion was granted in
1929 and with growth came improvement in standard and quality of education.
As progress continued over the years, an important milestone in the history
of the Board occurred in 1952 when all the state universities and state
boards in different parts of the country were brought under a single umbrella
and the resultant authority was named as the ‘Central Board of Secondary
Education’. The jurisdiction of the board extended beyond the geographical
boundaries of this country and it provides affiliation even to schools which
are located in the Union Territories.
Following a policy of decentralization, the Board of Secondary Education has
regional offices scattered all over the country and although these have been
vested with sufficient powers to handle daily administration and examination
arrangements, policy matters need to be referred to the head office. Being a
self financing body, this board meets all it recurring as well as
non-recurring expenditure from its fee structure and does not depend on any
other source for its financial requirements. Affiliation fee, annual
examination charges, admission fees for entrance examinations and so on are
the means through which the board acquires its funds.
The Board of Secondary Education is expected to perform the following
- Introducing methods of teaching which are student centric as well as
student friendly in a bid to encourage learning.
- Bringing about appropriate reforms in the method of conducting
- Modifying the existing evaluation practices in accordance with the
situation and the needs of the present generation.
- Incorporating job-oriented and job-linked skills so as to enable the
students to be cognizant with practical necessities.
- Updating the curriculum as well as training programs as and when required
and conducting workshops to hone the pedagogical skills of teachers.
In addition to these functions the Board of Secondary Education has to bear
in mind certain objectives and work towards them through long term and short
term plans. One of the foremost responsibilities of the Board is to conduct
examinations for Std X and XII and grant certificates to students who have
successfully crossed these examinations, having appeared from affiliated
To cater to the educational requirements of students whose parents are in
transferable jobs is an objective of the Board of Secondary Education which
is more demanding as compared to its other responsibilities. Raising the
academic standards of the country and streamlining the method of conducting
examinations are some of the long term objectives of this organization.
Apart from academics and entrance examinations this board comprises of a
vigilance unit as well which provides guidelines in case of lodging a
complaint and the procedure to be followed for its successful submission.
In keeping with the latest trend of increasing dependency on the Internet,
there is an online cell as well wherein complaints can be lodged.
There is a physical education and sports unit as well in order to ensure all
round development of students.